Ohio’s Third Grade Guarantee law will require schools to retain most third graders who don’t attain the proper score on the Ohio Achievement Assessment (OAA) that will be administered in April 2014.  Yesterday, we discussed how the State Board of Education set the mark for kids to attain at 28 points, equaling a scaled score of 392, which is slightly below the scaled score of 400 that earns these children the label of being “proficient” in reading.  Today, we’re going to take a look at how many children are likely to be retained due to this law.

welcome to 3rd gradeFirst, it’s important to note that the state does not publish test results by scaled score, so results by testing level are the closest we can get.  In this case, we’re looking at the number of students scoring less than proficient on the third grade reading OAA last year to get a sense of what we might expect when this year’s test results come back in June.

Based on data from the Ohio Department of Education, 122,298 public school third graders took the reading OAA last year.  Out of that number, 19,726 scored at the levels of Limited or Basic, putting them in the range for being retained in third grade.  That means that statewide, approximately 16% of third graders would not be moving on to fourth grade next year.

Digging in to these numbers even further, we find that 4,811 of those children are in one of Ohio’s large Urban 8 districts.  Those districts collectively tested nearly 14,000 children, meaning that approximately 34% of the third graders in these high-poverty areas would be enrolled in summer intervention programs and retained in third grade until they can pass the test (or an equivalent test yet to be designed by the Ohio Department of Education).

A look at Ohio’s charter schools reveals that statewide, charters tested 6,648 third graders, with 2,021 failing to attain the proficient level, a failure rate of about 30%.  The disparity among the results of charters across the state is quite remarkable.  While there are 26 charter schools with worse failure rates than the lowest scoring school district (East Cleveland), four charter schools (and 13 entire school districts) actually had every third grader attain a score of proficient or higher.

So while many across Ohio seem to think this Third Grade Reading Guarantee law only affects those in the high-poverty urban areas, we’ve only accounted for 6,832 of the 19,726 third graders at this point, meaning that 12,894 third grade children, or 66%, slated to be required to engage in summer reading intervention programs and repeat third grade are from Ohio’s rural and suburban districts.

So what other families should be putting their summer vacation plans on hold to comply with this new state law?

  • 400 families from Southwestern City
  • 200 families from Hilliard
  • 150 families from each of the City School Districts in Euclid, Hamilton, Lorain, and Warren
  • Over 100 families from Elyria, Lakota, Lima, Middletown, Newark, Parma,  and West Clermont
  • More than 50 families from:
    Maple Heights City
    Olentangy Local
    Princeton City
    Whitehall City
    Xenia Community City
    East Cleveland City
    Dublin City
    Washington Local
    Groveport Madison Local
    Pickerington Local
    Painesville City Local
    Lancaster City
    Huber Heights City
    Sandusky City
    Western Brown Local
    Kettering City
    Marysville Exempted Village
    Winton Woods City
    Oak Hills Local
    Adams County/Ohio Valley Local
    Delaware City
    Fairborn City
    Ashtabula Area City
    Zanesville City
    Willoughby-Eastlake City
    Fremont City
    Mad River Local
    Bedford City
    Mansfield City
    Alliance City
    Mentor Exempted Village
    Madison Local
    Worthington City
    Massillon City
    Medina City
    East Liverpool City
    Lakewood City
    Sidney City
    Licking Heights Local
  • and finally, even 100 families from Governor Kasich’s home district, Westerville City

Sorry kids, I know you’d like to engage in developmentally appropriate activities, but summer school it is.

And sorry parents, cancel those vacation plans — the law leaves you no choice but to comply with the intervention and retention plans.


Tagged with:
  • Guest

    Actually you are wrong about the parents not having a choice- thanks to state law these parents can register their kids at any charter school (exempted from almost every education law), or put them in virtual school like K12, or even a private school (in some areas where available since they do not have to play by same rules). But noting the studies that link poverty and low test performance and some of the areas you listed I doubt those families will be going anywhere outside a visit to Cedar Point on a day off.

  • gregmild

    Charters are actually required to follow this one to the letter of the law. Non-public/private schools? Not so much.

  • anastasjoy

    I have a question. Haven’t a lot of districts cancelled summer classes due to funding cuts? So who will pay for summer school? Is the state going to sponsor the classes? Or will this be another unfunded mandate? I see Lakewood on the 50-plus list and it’s a pretty good district. But it has a lot of kids from non-English-speaking families. I wonder if that has anything to do with this.

  • dmoore2222

    I know. All the members of the legislature, and our Gvernor and his cabinet, could teach these summer school classes.Then they could get first hand experience with the wonderful legislation they created. Problem solved.

  • Retrofuturistic

    Great idea!

  • dmoore2222

    Thanks. Plus they’d have to face angry parents every day.

  • Cody

    A whole lot better than prison in the 10th grade.

  • Tina Hollenbeck

    Homeschooling is an even better choice. For starters, the children will actually learn to read (and learn everything else) much better since it’s a documented fact that homeschoolers outperform those in public school by 30+ percentile points on standardized tests. Secondly, those children can have a life beyond being locked into their little cubicles with a bunch of same-aged peers all day long – whether we’re talking summer, winter, spring, or fall. And nearly anyone can successfully homeschool – regardless of social class, income level, etc. If there’s a will, there’s a way.

  • athenap

    If you are fortunate enough to have the free time and economic luxury to stay out of the work force to homeschool your kids properly, you’re probably not part of the at-risk group.

    If you are homeschooling your kids in between working two other jobs, you are doing a disservice to your kids.

    Homeschooling is unreliable and unrealistic for a majority of people. There’s no guaranteed consistency of base education, and if you’re counting on standardized test performance, you do realize that your homeschool superstar still needs the validation provided by the institutional entity who’s measuring all the kids.

  • Zachary Wehe

    ITT: Kids don’t perform at the level they should be
    Author bashes school.

    Seriously, if you can’t do basic reading at third grade, you should NOT move on. Let me tell you as someone who was a big time IEP student with ADHD.

    I worked damn hard to get where I was, my mom would tell me how I would be home all day doing my homework without much of any free time so I could succeed, because I wanted to succeed, even if it meant I had to try twice as hard as the people who were blessed to not have a disability.

    To get to my point, If you apply yourself you can do well, however if you apply yourself and still fail you should NOT move on, the next grade up is only going to cause anxiety and you’ll feel stuck and horrible. For all the things I’ve seen kids be bullied over, being held back a single year wasn’t one of them. Some kids just need more time.

    This is some of the worst biased journalism I have read in weeks.

  • Hershel Daniels JUnior

    So what is the problem? Our kids are learning to read and those in CPS who according to the state who gets $14.4K per child have to teach them. At CPS we meet the other day and talked about after school programs with a wide list of stakeholders. At Atft we are melding them together for STEM citywide through Cincinnati Change’s Community learning Center proposal. This Friday we go public with it at 3PM and how we fund it through a public provate partnership for children in Cincinnati from birth through graduate school.

  • David Davie

    Is it not fair to expect children to know how to read by 3rd grade? The idea of well educated children who can read, write and do basic math. School districts have been spewing out uneducated children who are not able to hold a basic job. These children are doomed to a life of poverty without reading, writing and math skills.

    The current system has been failing the children. Many are coming out of school with no skills. I have read nothing on this site that offers a plan to graduate children with skills and a education that will enable them to get a skilled job.

    The days of low/no skill well paying jobs is long gone. Children need to enter the work force ready to work. That is not happening now, so what is the plan to product the students needed to be self sufficient in our society today? Spending more money on education has proven not to be the answer. So what is your plan??

  • David Davie

    Parents in the past have had to pay fr summer school. Why not have them pay, they are part of the problem. Education begins at home. Maybe this might get a few parents off their butts and help the children.

  • David Davie

    “economic luxury to stay out of the work force”

    Most jobs do not pay enough to cover child care costs. If you have 2 kids it is just as easy to stay home, do with a little less, and home school the children. There are a multitude of resources to help parents home school. The anont many make at a job is barely more than the cost of child care.

    Many families are finding it easier and better to do with less have a parent stay home rather than house the children in day care. Many also are finding it better to home school the children.

    A demographically wide variety of people homeschool – these are atheists, Christians, and Mormons; conservatives, libertarians, and liberals; low-, middle-, and high-income families; black, Hispanic, and white; parents with Ph.D.s, GEDs, and no high-school diplomas. Homeschool students score above average on achievement tests regardless of their parents’ level of formal education or their family’s household income.

Looking for something?

Use the form below to search the site:

Still not finding what you're looking for? Drop a comment on a post or contact us so we can take care of it!