As Ohio’ Budget Bill (House Bill 49) comes ever closer to becoming law, a simple provision eliminating Ohio’s Resident Educator program is garnering a lot of attention – with some now believing that the program could be “saved” when the two houses eventually meet to hash out their differences in the final version of the bill.

Last week, the company that stands to lose $5,000,000 per year if the program is eliminated – Educopia – provided misleading testimony to the Senate Finance Committee in support of keeping the program.  Educopia is in charge of the most significant and controversial piece of the Resident Educator Program – the Resident Educator Summative Assessment (RESA).  It is this last piece that has been poorly implemented and failed to live up to the promise of helping young educators improve their practices.

In short, and very simplistically, the RESA is composed of a series of four “tasks” that teachers must submit to Educopia for grading beginning in the teacher’s third year.  The teacher must receive a passing score on all four tasks in order to advance to a five-year professional license.  The teacher has three total attempts to pass the tasks (year 3, year 4, year 5).  If, after the third attempt, the teacher has not obtained a passing score, then the teacher loses their teaching license (and subsequently their job) for at least one year.

The Resident Educator Program as a whole, however, includes a requirement of mentoring by the school or district in the first two years of the teacher’s employment.  When done properly by a good mentor, this piece of the program is favored by many within the profession, as such mentoring would be appropriate in any profession and was already done by many schools and districts prior to the RE program’s existence.

Back to the testimony from Educopia’s Matt Verber this week, trying to save his $5,000,000 annual contract with Ohio.

Mr. Verber starts by trying to compare the RESA to the bar exam for attorneys, then brings in other professions:

“The same holds true for other important professions, including doctors, nurses, architects and civil engineers – these professions all require exams to ensure that practitioners are minimally qualified before they can serve the public. We should have no less a standard for teachers. It would be a travesty for the children in Ohio, to allow teachers to advance in their careers when they are unable to demonstrate the minimum skills necessary to educate Ohio’s children.”

First of all, teachers go through multiple field experiences through the process of earning their bachelor’s degree (or, in some cases, Master’s degree), including a semester-long student teaching experience under the guidance of an experienced teacher.  Then, in order to “demonstrate the minimum skills necessary to educate Ohio’s children”, teachers must obtain a passing score on one or more standardized assessments as required by the state of Ohio:

The newer Ohio Assessments for Educators (OAE) are described as follows:

The Ohio Assessments for Educators:

  • Offer rigorous, state-of-the-art computer-based assessments for Ohio educators to demonstrate required content knowledge and skills
  • Help the Ohio Department of Education and the State Board of Education of Ohio meet their goals of improving student performance and preparing candidates for college and career success by developing, licensing, supporting, and retaining quality educators
  • Provide assessments based on contemporary standards of teaching and learning, including Ohio’s New Learning Standards

The claim that RESA is needed to ensure that teachers “demonstrate the minimum skills necessary to educate Ohio’s children”?  False – Ohio already has rigorous teacher education program standards and a series of assessments that accomplish that task.

Educopia’s Mr. Verber goes on to talk about how the passage rates of RESA improve between the first and second attempts, giving credit to the feedback from Educopia:

The substantial increase in the pass rate between the first and second attempts is due to teachers reviewing the feedback on their score reports, meeting with their mentors, and working on the areas of their instruction where there is need for improvement. Isn’t that what we want for beginning teachers in Ohio?

Actually, that is what beginning teachers want, but also helps us point out where Educopia and RESA have failed.  Meeting with mentors and receiving direct feedback to help promote professional growth is fantastic and, again, would be considered valuable in any profession.  We could even make the argument that beginning teachers should also be getting such direct and immediate feedback about their teaching practices from their principal through the also-state-mandated teacher evaluation system (OTES).

RESA, however, does not provide any of those things.  RESA does not provide immediate, direct, or specific feedback to beginning teachers – whether the teacher has received a passing score on a task or not.

Recently, I have had the rather unfortunate opportunity to talk to a “beginning” teacher whose license has been voided because of a third attempt on a single task not receiving a passing score.  The teacher, who I’ll call Sam, received ratings of Skilled (3 out of 4) through the state’s evaluation process, just completed a fifth year of successful teaching in Ohio, and, when scores were released on June 1 of this year, found out that the school district would have to terminate the existing contract offer for next year (against their wishes) because Sam’s license was taken away by RESA.

As any Resident Educator (RE) can tell you, the score reports are less than impressive, whether a passing score is obtained or not.  An RE license holder likely can’t exactly tell you why they received the score they did on any given task because the single person scoring the task only provides very generic feedback about the submitted video and/or written task.  Yes, each task is only scored by a single individual and there is no appeal process to request a re-scoring of any task.

Sam did not receive a passing score on “Task 3”, which is a task that requires the submission of a video along with written components.  You can find the full description and requirements of the task on this 13-page document on from the Educopia website.

In Sam’s first year, Task 3 was the only task that was not passed, and the 4-page score report came back with the following non-specific feedback for the five (has since been cut to four) tasks (click on the image to open it in a new window):

Remember those generic comments you used to get on your report card that your teacher selected from a list?  “A pleasure to have in class.”  Yea, the feedback is kind of like that.  What, specifically, does Sam need to improve on in Task 3?  What specific practices in the video were good?  What specific written items were lacking?  Sam is left to look at “the rubric” and make an educated guess based on this feedback that Sam received four months after Task 3 was first submitted.

Additionally, Sam is actually left wondering what specific things were actually done well in the other tasks as that feedback is equally generic.  If Sam gave such generic feedback to students on projects four months after they were turned in, how would that help the students get better?

At this point, Sam might want to get some more help from a mentor, but even the role of the mentor or any other professional peer is extremely limited at this point by Educopia (click image to enlarge):

Sam enters the next year left with only the Task 3 rubric and the generic feedback and a second chance at passing.  After submitting the task in February, Sam gets the following score report back in June:

Strike 2, and with a slightly lower score (4 points), but with nothing positive.  What went wrong?  What does Sam need to fix, exactly, to better help the students?

Now Sam is down to one more shot.  Enter the 2016-17 school year with a due date of February 15 for Sam’s third and final try.  On June 1, nearly four months later and at the very end of the school year, Sam finds out the results:

And with that, Sam’s teaching license and job are gone.  Sam’s district loses a teacher they wanted to keep and had offered a contract to, a teacher they had invested time and mentoring in; a teacher who had been rated as Skilled by the principal (note: I have seen the evaluation ratings, but am not posting them here to maintain anonymity of those involved), and a teacher who had developed good relationships with students (again, according to evaluation by principal).

Now, if Sam wishes to become a licensed teacher again, Sam will need to take “remediation coursework” and a supervised field experience at an approved Ohio university.  This, despite the fact that Sam already completed an approved university program (multiple, actually, as also Sam obtained an Intervention Specialist license), passed the multiple required licensure assessments to prove knowledge of pedagogy and content, and had been mentored, supervised, and evaluated favorably by the school’s assigned principal evaluator over a five-year stretch.

No, the education system didn’t fail Sam and Sam didn’t fail RESA – RESA and Educopia have failed Sam and the hundreds of other Ohio teachers who have spent countless of hours of time working on these tasks with no meaningful feedback to help them grow as professional educators.

Back to Mr. Verber’s testimony from last week.  In trying to convince the Ohio General Assembly to remain Educopia’s cash cow, he said:

In completing the RESA, teachers consider the content of what they teach, the reason for selecting that specific content, and how they can teach it better the next time.

No.  That’s what happens when teachers engage in professional discussions with their peers and their principal and have time to focus on growing as an educator by spending time with their students each and every day, not stressing out over submitting projects to a single blind scorer who won’t provide anything meaningful to work with.

Mentors?  Yes, mentors are great, and experienced teachers take beginning teachers “under their wings” all the time – no one needs a state law mandating that.

As far as RESA?

Find Resident Educators who have had to do RESA.  Ask them about it.


  • Honey Wheeler

    In addition to the limited feedback provided to Resident Educators taking RESA, the assessment is too large in scope and thus is unmanageable. That said, the statement that experienced teachers “take beginning teachers under their wing all the time” is a far cry from what decades-long scholarly research has shown is necessary for beginning teachers: instructional support through structured mentoring and induction, which is what the RE program is designed to provide. Though emotional support is welcome and helpful to new teachers, instructional support is what helps them improve their instruction, accelerate their practice, and increase their chances of staying in the profession. Left to chance, mentoring is often reduced to a “buddy system” which is simply not sufficient to improve teaching and learning. Most new teachers in Ohio have completed a traditional teacher preparation program; however, clinical and field experiences afforded in preparation programs of even the highest quality simply cannot replicate the experience and responsibilities that a new teacher will encounter in his/her own classroom. Given that reality, the skills and abilities of a third-year teacher should look very different from those of a first-year teacher. Thus, it is certainly appropriate that an assessment be required for new teachers to advance to a professional license. Planned and implemented as intended, the kind of induction and mentoring the RE program provides (with much flexibility at the local level) should prepare teachers for some kind of assessment to demonstrate their professional growth. So while the RESA should be reconsidered and purposed, doing so does not provide justification for the elimination of the mentoring and induction component of the RE program. Let’s continue to support teaching–after all, it is the profession that begins all other professions.

  • gregmild

    It’s a shame that you’re not seeing the same level of mentoring and professional support that I’m accustomed to seeing from other teachers through PLCs or from the principal evaluator using the also-state-required OTES process on the OTES rubric that was initially designed by the Educator Standards Board and also based on Ohio’s Teaching Standards intended to help support professional growth. As long as OTES is required by law and affords beginning teachers the opportunity to receive immediate feedback and support at the school level, RESA is redundant. I can’t imagine being in a district in Ohio under today’s heavy scrutiny for demonstrating improvement and NOT supporting our beginning teachers.

    Of course, the General Assembly has not allocated any additional funding to help support these additional things either, just the $5,000,000 for Educopia – the California-based company, so…

  • Brandi Jennice

    Huge waste of time and money. I have gone hrough the program and learned nothing from it. All it does is give a teacher more “tasks” to complete that ACTUALLY take the focus off the students.

    This program has not been successful in any state. With the considerable teacher shortage coming our way, it makes no sense to have a program like this in place.

    Oh and for the record, I am a teacher that did not pass, yes, for the 3rd time. IJust found out. I did not pass task 4 which is a communication task. My students have tested proficient every year I’ve been a teacher, but because I was unable to pass task 4, I am unqualified to teach them?? Makes perfect sense.

  • Miranda Helbert

    I agree totally. I just took the RESA for the SECOND time and failed task 3. The best part about this: I passed task 2 which is EXACTLY the same as task 3 AND I just passed the Ohio Principal Exam to receive my Principal license. How funny is that?! Apparently, according to Ohio Department of Ed, I am good enough to be a principal and evaluate teachers, but not good enough to teach myself. Huge waste of time and money. I was also instructed that I could go ahead and go. be a principal and chose to NOT complete RESA. Lots of sense there.

  • Honey Wheeler

    Greg…it’s great that you have experienced the kind of support that helps teachers improve their craft. You no doubt know how powerful that is. Unfortunately, that’s not the case everywhere, and from what I’ve seen across Ohio, it’s not common. I believe new teachers want to be successful and try very hard at doing so but the majority need much guidance, which they may or may not receive from their school or district. I used to work directly with educators across the state in all different kinds of settings so the problem isn’t confined to one typology of district. Yet I saw many new teachers grow as professionals as a result of support provided by the RE program. And yes, state money should be provided to educators to advance their professional growth throughout their career. More than anything, it makes me sad that legislators do not think enough of Ohio’s teachers to provide them the kind of support they deserve.

  • Rhonda Mesnick

    Funny how Mr Verba compares teachers with doctors, nurses, architects and civil engineers all of whom make a whole lot more than a teacher. All that testing for $50K/year? WTF!

  • Kevin

    I am in a similar situation with RESA. Last year I passed everything except task 4. Retook it this year spending many hours trying to improve and had colleagues with decades of experience look it over before submitting. I received the same failing score(189) and almost the exact same comments. After receiving the scores I contacted the RESA help desk in hopes of getting some support and relevant feedback as to how I can improve. I was told to watch a webinar, but there is no appeal or possibility of speaking to an assessor to see what I was doing wrong. I have been rated skilled and accomplished in previous years through the OTES process. If they keep RESA, I hope there are some changes made that will not send good teachers into other careers.

  • Brandi Jennice

    I disagree with you “Honey”. I actually think it is quite common. If it wasn’t, then how did teachers continue being teachers with success before…GASP…the RE program? I do feel having mentor teachers can be quite helpful, both for emotional purposes AND for instructional purposes. I would like to see that piece left alone.I am guessing you have a dog in this fight and that is why you are so pro-RE. Unless you have been a teacher that has had to actually go through the RE program, you can not really speak on it because you have not experienced it the way we have. It did not help me in any way. Oh, and for the record, in my first year as a teacher, my school at the time did not implement the RE program correctly. I was basically not doing it and guess what? My students scored 100% proficient on their state tests. All WITHOUT the RE program “guiding” me. Isn’t that amazing “Honey Wheeler”? Teachers are going to grow with or without the program because of their experience in the classroom with their students. THE RE program takes emphasis off growing students and becomes more about writing papers….lots of busy work a new teacher does NOT need.

  • Trisha Roe

    Maybe there have been changes but to my knowledge, the RE mentoring program IS staying in tact. It’s the RESA (the year 3 summative assessment) that is being eliminated. I am in the RE program and I agree that the program overall is beneficial. However, the RESA in year 3 is completely overwhelming, impersonal and redundant- just like the article states. Teaching itself can be overwhelming- especially for those of us at the beginning of our careers. The countless hours that teachers put in year after year to keep up with lesson planning, assessing, grading, reflecting, keeping up with state and district requirements, meetings, parents, etc is tough! To ask a fairly new (year 3) teacher to take on this all consuming task (mentally and physically all-consuming) is just too much. Not to mention it is insulting and disheartening when we are asked to “prove ourselves” once again even though we have already passed our teacher prep program, student teaching practicum and multiple state tests to obtain our license in the first place AND we are held to the same standards as any other teacher in our school while meeting the OTES requirements.

  • Trisha Roe

    Nurses, architects, lawyers, accountants- they all must pass some sort of state licensure requirement beyond their formal education- but SO DO TEACHERS. In addition to obtaining our degrees and passing a teacher prep program, we must pass a student teaching practicum-
    which involves an entire semester, in most cases, of teaching under direct supervision of a teacher/mentor. Then we must pass multiple state licensure exams. Once we begin our careers we are required to do ongoing professional development, continuing education and are evaluated regularly (as per the Ohio Teacher Evaluation System). But, I know of no other profession that is still not trusted to do their jobs and reassessed in their 3rd year of practice- and generally, teachers are paid less than all of these other professions. I do know that doctors must go through a residency program as well and I don’t know if they are reassessed.

  • gregmild

    Hi Trisha. The current (and apparently final) version of the bill eliminates the Resident Educator Program entirely.

  • Trisha Roe

    Thank you Greg. I tried to keep up but hadn’t seen any new news on it lately. That’s a shame because I think the mentoring program is helpful. But, hopefully with no more RESA, teachers will be less stressed and able to focus on what’s important- our students. I can’t say I’m sad about that part getting cut.

  • Lot 49

    So, I am not “Sam”, but I experienced exactly the same thing. I lost a position that I truly loved. I was fortunate enough to find a different school willing to hire me under a Long-Term Substitute license (at a substantial pay cut). I completed the Remediation course work (Another $750+ dollars). Now, if the RESA is no more, what in the world do I do? I can’t get my old job back and the university sure isn’t going to refund my money for the now useless remediation course. The RE program is fine. The RESA was a dumpster fire. Everything Greg stated in this piece is exactly right. I can only take some kind of consolation in the fact that others in the future won’t have to deal with this. Also, there is some measure of satisfaction that Educopia is losing $5 million.

  • JDub

    Are there any updates on this? I have reached out to my reps as well as the governor to repeal RESA and allow districts to do the development and mentoring that makes most sense to their demographics and student and teacher needs.

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